Turkey is one of the richest countries in the world culturally, historically and geographically, making it the sixth best tourist destination globally. Learn the most important general information about Turkey, the most important cities of Turkey and their population.

Turkey between tourism and investment

Turkey is characterized as a distinguished tourist country, which visitors come from everywhere to enjoy the scenic views of waterfalls, forests, sea beaches, large markets, as well as luxury restaurants that serve delicious food. .
Not to mention investing in Turkey, which has become a magnet for Arab investors, as real estate investment takes the lion's share and that is for the facilities made by the Turkish state to attract investors and real estate prices compared to other countries and the growth rate of the Turkish real estate market.

Turkey provides its visitor and families with a lot of recreational activities in many cities, from zoos, quiet parks, theaters, sports and various children's games. There are also children's clubs supervised by specialists, in which entertainment programs are organized. Tourist programs include visiting public parks, waterfalls, caves and beautiful bays.

Weather in Turkey

Green spaces cover most of Turkey, while the climate varies depending on the nature of the region, and temperatures range between 20 and 30 degrees Celsius in the summer, from 10 to 15 degrees in the fall, and 13 to 20 degrees in the spring, while the temperature reaches zero in the season Winter, and in some areas, it reaches -15 degrees below zero.

Nature in Turkey

Turkey is a peninsula surrounded by a group of seas, while its lands are made up of plains, with an average height between one thousand and 1500 meters above sea level. There are many rivers and springs flowing from the middle of the plains to flow into the seas.

It also has a large number of waterfalls, such as the Kursunlu Waterfall, which is one of the most beautiful waterfalls in Turkey, located 20 minutes from the city of Antalya on the Mediterranean Sea. One of the famous waterfalls is the Manavgat Waterfall, 75 kilometres from Antalya. There are tea gardens and shaded restaurants near these waterfalls. A trip can be taken on the Manavgat River to see the water falling from the waterfalls.

As for the plains, they are numerous, the most famous of which are the plains of the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. Turkey has been interested in the construction of many tourist cities in the Toros Mountains, where country houses provide visitors and families with the opportunity to enjoy the beauty of nature and the wonderful weather.

Turkey also provides adventure lovers with the opportunity to climb mountains, explore sea and mountain caves, take trips on oxcarts, horse riding, sail yachts, boats, diving, water skiing and fishing.

Turkish economy

The Turkish economy is a continuous wheel of influence and progress over the past few years, while Turkey relies on industry, agriculture, trade and minerals in its economy, and the tourism and business sectors in the Turkish economy flourish day after day as a result of the tourism and economic boom in the country, so Turkey is witnessing a full-fledged state of economic activities on the All of its lands, in addition to the areas of tourism that are constantly opening new doors to demand apartments for sale in Turkey, as attention is directed to the economic capital to search for apartments for sale in Istanbul, and the country is experiencing a state of economic progress that will drive the growth of investment in general in the coming years.

Geographical location of Turkey: Where is Turkey located?

Turkey is located between the continent of Asia and the continent of Europe, in a strategic location whose nature is dominated by the seas bordered by three directions. In the north, it is bordered by the Black Sea and in the south by the Mediterranean Sea, while it overlooks from the west the Aegean Sea, while the Sea of Marmara borders it from the northwest; Therefore, it is characterized by a geographical nature with a high-class tourist interface and enjoys a moderate, warm and humid weather in summer, while its weather tends to be cold in winter. Therefore the tourism movement is not affected throughout the year, but rather high rates of tourism in Turkey are noted annually.

Turkey's neighboring countries

East: Iran, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia.
West: Bulgaria and Greece.
North: Russia and Ukraine.
South: Syria and Iraq.

Founder of the Turkish Republic

The Turkish Republic was founded in 1923 by President Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. The current President of the Republic of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

Turkey's largest cities in terms of population

- Istanbul: is considered the economic capital of the country, as it is one of the largest cities in Turkey, which has a distinctive historical heritage mixed with a modern urban heritage. Istanbul was chosen as the cultural capital of Europe in 2010, with a population of 16 million people.
Ankara: the political capital of the country, with a population of 5.8 million.
Izmir: Located in western Anatolia, it is the third largest city in terms of population in Turkey after Istanbul and Ankara, with a population of 4.5 million people.
Bursa: Bursa is located in the northwest of the country, in the Marmara region, between Istanbul and Ankara, and has a population of 3 million.
- Adana: With a population of 2.6 million, the city centre is located on the Seyhan River, 30 km from the Mediterranean Sea in southern Anatolia.

Turkey's exports and imports

Turkey exports the most

Germany (9.6%); United Kingdom (6.1%); Iraq (5.8%); Italy (5.4%); USA (5.5%); France (4.2%); United Arab Emirates (5.8%); Spain (4.0%); Netherlands (2.5%)

Turkey imports the most

China (10.0%); Germany (9.1%); Russia (8.3%); USA (5.1%); Italy (4.8%); France (3.5%); Iran (3.2%); Netherlands (3.0%); South Korea (2.8%); United Kingdom (2.8%).

Language and religion in Turkey

The Turkish language is the official language of the country, as the number of Turkish speakers is between (70-75%) of the total population in Turkey, followed by the Kurdish language in second place with 18% of the population, the rest and the Arabic language comes in third place with 5 %.
As for the religion in Turkey, Islam is considered the official state religion, and 98% of the Turkish population condemns Islam, and the rest is distributed among other sects such as Christianity, and a minority of Jews.

Average ages5
Total Number of population85,279,553

Global Population

Social statusDistribution of marriage
Civil statusDistribution of Male & Female
Education ChartDistribution of educational institutes
  • University


  • Secondary School


  • Preparatory School


  • primary School



When was the Turkish Republic established?
The Republic of Turkey was established on October 29, 1923 AD
What is the capital of Turkey?
Ankara is the political capital of Turkey
Where is Turkey located?
Turkey is located in the Middle East, in a strategic location between Asia and Europe
Is the Turkish language the only language in Turkey?
No, however the Turkish language is the official and common language in Turkey, there are some states whose residents speak other languages besides Turkish, such as Arabic, Kurdish and others
What countries have borders with Turkey?
Turkey borders Syria, Iraq, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south, Georgia and the Black Sea to the north, Iran and Armenia to the east, and Bulgaria, the Aegean Sea, and Greece to the west.
How big is Turkey?
Turkey covers an area of 783,562 km2
How many states in Turkey?
Turkey has 81 states

Featured Projects

Special Offers